Scoliosis is monitored regularly and carefully to evaluate progression of the curvature. The treatment and management of scoliosis may involve bracing or surgery. Treatment is usually reserved for curvatures greater than 20°-25°, while surgery is usually recommended for curvatures greater than 40°-50°.
The goals of treatment for scoliosis include:
- Stopping the progression of scoliosis
- The possibility of lessening the curve with surgery
- Avoidance of complications in adulthood, such as lung disease due to restriction of a deformed chest cavity
Treatment involves the following:
At this time, there are no medications for the treatment of scoliosis.
Altaf F, Gibson A, et al. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. BMJ. 2013;346:f2508.
Campbell’s Operative Orthopaedics. 10th ed. Mosby; 2003.
Idiopathic scoliosis in children and adolescents. American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons Ortho Info website. Available at:
http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00353. Updated March 2010. Accessed November 21, 2013.
Questions and answers about scoliosis in children and adolescents. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website. Available at:
http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Scoliosis/default.asp. Updated July 2013. Accessed November 21, 2013.
Scoliosis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:
https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated October 29, 2013. Accessed November 21, 2013.
Trobisch P, Suess O, et al. Idiopathic scoliosis.
Dtsch Arztebl Int. 2010
What is scoliosis? Fast Facts: An Easy-to-Read Series of Publications for the Public. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website. Available at:
http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Scoliosis/scoliosis_ff.asp. Updated March 2009. Accessed November 21, 2013.
Last reviewed December 2014 by Michael Woods, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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